Translated Vladimír Gunda
Part Four - GOD
"No man hath seen
God at any time..." (1 Jo 4:12; Joh 1:18)
"And they saw the
God of Israel
and there was under his feet as
it were a paved work of a sapphire stone ... and did eat and drink . " (Ex 24:10, 11)
Nothing has enticed
man's spirit to create so many different myths and fantastic notions like God.
The reason is the grandeur of what people understood as his creation. At the
time when these notions developed, people knew about God and the nature of his
creation only very little.
Note : It
should be noted that the general concept of God which present-day Christians profess
is based on the Early Christian notions of the 4th -5th
century, when the battle for religious beliefs took place. So, these
notions reflect the level of understanding the world at that time.
God has been giving
more and more information about Himself, if possible, proportionally to man's
knowledge of laws governing the world that He created. The ability of man to
understand information communicated depended on this knowledge. Moreover, God
needed to have authority over humans, so God preferentially gave them
information about His qualities that arouses his authority over men.
The manner in which
people address God gives evidence about the fact that men like to keep
deep-rooted habits. We call Him the Mighty (the original meaning of the word
God), and not Just, Wise or Loving, his other.
It was the Power which
God revealed to man as his first quality and which men were most interested in.
It was then the only quality, which could reliably ensure Him authority in the
eyes of man .
The Power was the first, easily understandable, quality necessary to start the
training of man.
So, every being that
showed power beyond the understanding of man was automatically called 'god' by
Because God respects
both human culture and the mentality of individuals on principle (it is a part
of the rights which He gave to people), so He also respects their
manifestations. Beings from the first, second and third heavens (see below) are
called God and they also introduce themselves as God (in Hebrew Elohim) or
Yahweh God or Jehovah God - pronunciation of the Hebrew tetragram (transcript
of the name God) is questionable.
As we have been
accustomed to Him
As regards God, it is
not only our inclination not to change our habits, i.e. our inclination to conservatism.
Man started to impart its notions of God to sacred things, mostly with
exaggerated and useless zeal - such is the human religiosity (a form of
Efforts to change
something in this area have always been deemed as sacrilege. This attitude
lasted for centuries; it deeply etched itself into the consciousness of
generations of Christians, and thus became a part of the Christian tradition.
In most churches
today, the notion of a single (even incomprehensible Trinity) God, standing
outside our physical world and not subject to laws (God's transcendence) is
rooted; the notion of God surrounded by angels of similar -let us say- not
physical substance. It is God unconditionally omnipotent, absolutely
superordinated ruler, omniscient, performing incomprehensible miracles beyond
the known laws of nature.
This God has been
living in the heavens from time immemorial, for ever in perfect conformity with
angels who surround Him, who constantly have praise Him and serve Him because
He himself created them, the universe and ultimately, man. It is a world free
of all problems, filled with endless bliss.
authors" of traditional notions were definitely full of praise for God.
But, do you not consider such a description as a myth? Does the Bible teach us
something like this? It happens only in fairy tales that a powerful magician
waves a magic wand, pronounces a magic formula, and things begin to happen.
Such a wizard is indifferent to the laws of physics - he transforms people and
objects as he likes.
Is it this way of
thinking not partially similar to the notions of Christians? Millions of people
believed for centuries and still believe in something like this - they believe
that God can do it, and in reality He has been doing only this! He is almighty after
all, is he not? Why should He exert himself and waste His time with complex
physical and chemical processes or complicated technology ?
Could it be different?
God(s) went on to say: Let us make man in our image, according to our likeness
..." (Ge 1:26 NWT)
Jehovah God(s) went on to say: Here the man has become like one of us ..." (Ge 3:22
The fact that God
(later Yahweh or Jehovah God) in the scriptures surprisingly is addressed in
the plural, dealt a blow to these notions. It is particularly evident when
studying the opening books of the Bible (see Ge 11:6, 7). Although He later
introduced Himself as the only God, everything indicates that it is a
fellowship of beings. But how did He introduce Himself?
" Hear, O Israel : Jehovah our
God [elohím] is one Jehovah .
and thou shalt love
Jehovah thy God ..." (De 6:4
The word elohim in
Hebrew literally stands for 'gods'. This expression is used to designate both
the so-called false gods (translated correctly in the Bible) and the
so-called true God (loose translation in the Bible). The reason for this
designation is very prosaic - the plural is used in the Bible because the God,
who presented Himself to the Israelis as Yahweh (or Jehovah, if you want), is
in fact the Deity.
Note : The
argument that Pluralis maiestaticus can hardly stand up - the character of God
is definitely correct and we would attribute Him human qualities if we state
that He needs to express His greatness in this way. Plural is a product of our
modern history, vanity of human rulers. (Ps 62:10) Moreover, the word order is
reversed, so in our case it would have to read - "We God" and not
"I Gods". The fact that as regards the Hebrew God He is in reality
the Deity are also proved by biblical dictionaries, albeit without this courageous
explanation. [A. Novotný (Czech) etc.]
You do not believe?
The incorrect notion
of God's identity was created by man himself, gradually - because of not
studying the Scriptures .
Jehovah made the declaration at the beginning of appointing Israel to be
His people. At that time He needed to stress the fact that with regard to the
disunity in the 1st heaven, the remaining part of gods (who pursued
the original concept of creation )
had united thoroughly, in order to face the serious danger which had arisen.
Yahweh (Jehovah) simultaneously warned his people against the influence of
other gods - anarchists " but ye shall break down their altars, and dash in
pieces their pillars, and ye shall cut down their Asherim ." - ASV [ But
ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves -
KJV+ ] (Ex 34:13;
1 Ki 10:20)
Note : The
fact that He is the only one, God has expressed far more important information
(especially for us today), that there is one system of truth. To be more
precise, the fact that this team (JHVH Deity) holds one system of truth and
believes exclusively in the existence of one such a system. But the experience
of humankind in the area of behaviour (generally in the social area) questions
The procedure and message
of these angels (JHVH) were from the very beginning so unified that people
often did not realize that they were in contact with a great many beings.
Without searching for their identity, they called each of them by the name
The behaviour of man
towards God was in the beginning (from traditional understanding) somewhat
confusing - they called the same being once as Yahweh (Jehovah) and immediately
afterwards Jehovah's (Yahweh's) angel. (Ge 16:9-13; Jg 6:11-15) When Abraham
was visited by three angels, the name Yahweh (Jehovah) circulated strangely. By
the name Yahweh (Jehovah) was called all three angels , and then Abraham
addressed the angel, whom he considered to be their commander, by this name. Lot
equally addressed the remaining two angels , who came to Sodom in the evening. (Ge 18:1-19:18) It is
obvious that people at that time called every being who convinced them
that he came with the authority of Jehovah's power by the name Yahweh
(Jehovah). Jg 13:6, 21-23)
Note : In
Chapter 13 of the book of Judges it is even evident that in determining the
identity of the respective man, the name the people addressed him by
intensified according to his manifestations of power: first 'a man of God'
(prophet) - then 'the angel of Jehovah' - finally 'Jehovah' himself accepted
the act of worship! The concrete appearance of Jehovah (the angel of Jehovah)
was apparently not defined. Identification was spontaneous and random.
When people meet such
a powerful being, they are sometimes paralyzed by fear of death. From the Bible
really follows, according to passages written later, that people are really
threatened with death, but in contact with completely different kind of beings
- again called God or Yahweh (Jehovah). (Ge 32:29, 30; Jg 13:22; Ex 33:20) So
there are too many Gods or Yahwehs (Jehovahs) at one time.
The same situation
occurred beneath the Sinai
Mountain . Yahweh
(Jehovah) descended to the mountain all in all three times ,
without ascending it. To an attentive reader does not escape the fact that in
each of these three cases, there is another (higher by one level) being.
Security measures also intensified. (Ex 19:3, 10-13; Ex 34:3-5)
Let's be realistic -
our created world is so extremely complex that not only its creation, but also
its management and supervision requires a large number of professions,
specializations and teamwork! Did not God create us - according to His image?
Three levels of heaven
From the Bible follows
that three groups of alien beings, called by humans as follows, were
responsible for the creation and functioning of our world:
Angels (Ge 32:1 )
Cherubs (1 Sa 4:4; Ge
Seraphs (Isa 6:2)
According to words of
the Apostle Paul we know about the existence of three levels of heaven:
" I know a man in Christ, fourteen years ago (...),
such a one caught up even to the third heaven .. ." (2 Co
or in him (Christ)
were all things created, in the heavens and upon the earth, ..., whether
thrones (first heaven) or dominions (second heaven ) or principalities (first
heaven) or powers (kings on Earth); all things have been created through him,
and unto him ..." ( Col 1:16)
Since the number of
types of beings with the number of heavens is in agreement, it can be deducted
that each type of being inhabits his level of heaven - his own world. On the
basis of how they express themselves they can be grouped according to their
intelligence, power, and thus possibly by age as well.
Ad 1 ANGELS
They are probably the youngest
beings, who stand closest to us human beings , they even resemble us physically (Ge 3:8 - note
that this God is strolling in the garden). They are indiscernible from people.
(Ge 19:1-11) They can interbreed with humans (Ge 6:4) and they take in our
food. (Ge 18:8) During the six days of creation, these angels were directly
involved in the creation of our world (Job. 38:7; see former habits in the
opening constructions - Ezr 3:10-11) and by using natural laws
- probably by genetic manipulation - they created man. (Ge 2:7) Beings of this
sphere are divided into two groups . (Da 10:13, 21) We call this level the first
Ad 2 CHERUBS
As regards creation
here on earth they are consultants or guarantors and they bear responsibility
for the successful course of creation and for the development of man. (Eze
28:14; Job 38:7; Isa 14:12] Luciferus - "Torchbearer" - Latin name
for Venus as the morning star - the symbol of cherubs. (Re 22:16)
are very different from us. Their bodies apparently issue light in our
conditions. According to the descriptions of eye witnesses, their faces shines
like the sun, their feet are like hot metal; their hair is like snow, etc.
Man is paralyzed when
he comes into contact with them - certainly mentally, but perhaps even
physically (see Ge 15:12-17; Dan 10:7-9; Re 1:17 - Abraham, Daniel and John
perceive them in a sort of paralysis reminding one of sleep). We call this
level the second heaven.
Ad 3 SERAPHS
From a physiological
point of view, seraphs are totally different from people. They radiate probably
significant, unknown energy, because physical contact with them is life-
threatening to humans. (Ex 33:20-23; 1 Ki 19:13 - Moses and Elijah were hidden
in a cave for security reasons). For these reasons, man is not allowed to look
at them. ("to see His face")
Moses saw a Seraph
only through a kind of protective shield, from behind. Moses´ skin, after
contact with Him, radiated rays. Elijah hides his face. In Isa 6:2, the seraphs
hide themselves in the vision - thus they demonstrate that it is dangerous for
man to be in their proximity or to look at them. This level is called third
heaven. Ancient people were informed about the fact that meeting these beings
was dangerous, and therefore they were frightened, whatever god they met - " We
shall surely die, because we have seen God ." (in this
case an angel from the first heaven- Jg 13:22; Ge 32:30 etc.)
S.G. SUPREME GOD
The Creator of all
life (all creation) in our universe is the Supreme God - in Hebrew "elejlon".
The designation "Supreme" is in the Bible sometimes completely alone
(so not the Supreme God - elejlon, but simply the Highest - ejlon), of which
some theologians already have concluded that it is a separate deity
(Encyclopaedia of the Bible).
The Bible says almost
nothing about His nature (at least according to the current state of
knowledge). (Ge 14:20; Dt 32:8; Eph 4:6) We know, however, four of His basic
qualities, which are common to all other levels, and are the current objective
of the education of man: power, justice, wisdom and love. Unlike all the other
above mentioned beings, the Supreme God was really never seen by any man. (Joh
Note: To ask questions regarding the origin and
more tangible form of the highest levels of heaven is for us irrelevant. We
have not the slightest idea about the nature of the environment which existed
before the creation of our universe. We know virtually nothing about the
conditions and (physical?) laws, which ruled.
Under the term God, a
complicated structure of powerful beings appears in the Bible.
consists in that true Gods act on the basis of free will under a single program
in every and each of their activities (according to true knowledge), as
"one man", unlike the fragmented advancement of the so-called false
gods, individualists (questioning that the system of knowledge - the truth - is
Only our grammar
distinguishes these gods with large and small letters! The original text
differentiates them only by names, qualities and verbal forms. In the original
text we would read their description something like this - JHVH gods,
true gods, false gods, gods of nations, gods of Israel , etc.
Yahweh (Jehovah) of
At present it seems
that this identification of God of the Bible could be the answer to the
question what is grammatically the hard-to-understand and in the Bible highly
frequented word "Yahweh (Jehovah) of hosts." The oddity of this term
becomes apparent if we realize that Yahweh (Jehovah) is a name and if we
substitute it, just for illustration, by any other name. If we try Francis, the
grammatical form will be - "Francis of hosts". Therefore, the correct
translation of this term might be: Jehovah-hosts, or Jehovah-gods-hosts, within
the meaning Jehovah Gods are hosts.
Is it heresy?
Christians who were
brought up in the traditional religious belief will probably be offended. Some
may completely be discouraged of further study. If possible, we would like to
reassure these Christians that conclusions in this section are in no case
contrary to the spirit of Scripture, because we can not argue with the Apostle
Paul in his statement:
There is one body,
and one Spirit (in this case the Highest) ... one God, and father of all, which
is above all, and through all, and in you all ." (Eph
of faith is namely overlooking the fact that Scriptures authorize the use of
the title 'God', and even 'true God' (who is the opposite of false god) and the
'Holy God' (the opposite of profane, unclean), to all beings fulfilling the
stipulated requirements, and even to people:
" And Jehovah said unto Moses : ' See, I have
made thee as God to Pharaoh; and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet .'" (Ex 7:1 (ASV); see
Joh 10:34, 35)
In this situation
Moses was certainly not a false God and Aaron was not a false prophet!
Note: The intermediate position is not described
in the Bible. Each god (and spirit) is either true and holy or false and
unclean. From the need of sanctification of the name of God (JHVH; Mt 6:9) it
is clear that there is a dispute in heaven regarding which side is right. Each
side considers the opposite side as unholy and false. "Black and
white" differentiation was intentionally created because of man's
Similarly, neither the
term father (and Father also )
is definite and does not have to belong to one person, but it is legal term
logically expressing responsibility for a concrete creation or the result of an
activity. (Joh 8:39-44) In the Bible such examples are numerous. The Christian
tradition gave these attributes exclusively to the Supreme.
It is possible to
conciliate with these facts that understandably might make Christians have
serious spiritual dilemma or even outrage by adopting the fact that existing
levels of heaven (seraphs, cherubs and angels) were assigned incomparably
greater powers, functions and responsibilities, than has traditionally been
accepted. After all, they are adult, free, moral and very intelligent beings -
Gods (powerful) in the true sense of the word. This change is the difference
between the specified
and traditional understanding of God's identity.
What to add
Although our Creator
does not have miraculous abilities, as follows from the Scriptures, careful
study reveals that this in no way detracts from the impressiveness of his acts
and power. It is clear that our Heavenly Father and God (in particular First
Heaven) also exists within the system of physical laws and is also subject to
established laws, to which he must be subordinate if he does not want to behave
irresponsibly. From biblical information we can trace his true, real power. By
this He can become, for the thinking, rational man in the twentieth century,
very close and very real.
At our level of
scientific knowledge and technical advanced level we are able to understand His
wisdom and power. We feel that it is indeed immense and it amazes even more
than before, when people were not able to explain its source or principle even
in the slightest.
The fact that God is
in reality not almighty
should not offend Christians too much. Real omnipotence would make him
partially responsible for all the horrors and evil, which humanity has
experienced. And it would make Him even a universal culprit - He would bear the
The idea of absolute
omnipotence and omniscience
of God is one the most tragic notions of the Christian tradition.